Citation Information :
AlZeedi M, Park JP, Marwan Y, Abu-Dalu KM, Hamdy R, Janelle C. Growth Modulation for the Treatment of Juvenile Hallux Valgus: A Systematic Review of Literature. 2023; 18 (1):51-55.
Background: Juvenile hallux valgus (JHV) is a forefoot deformity that causes pain and functional limitation. Treatment poses a challenge in terms of the optimal technique and timing of intervention. A systematic review of the literature on the use of growth modulation in treating JHV was conducted.
Materials and methods: The literature review was performed using PubMed and EMBASE searches for articles investigating growth modulation in the treatment of JHV published before December 1st, 2021. Seven articles were included in the final review that matched the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary outcomes included the degree of correction of hallux valgus angle and intermetatarsal angle. A qualitative assessment of the articles was done due to the heterogeneity of the growth modulation methods used in these articles.
Results: A total of 135 feet from 78 patients were included from the reviewed articles. Growth modulation methods included temporary screw lateral hemiepiphysiodesis of the first metatarsal, lateral drilling hemiepiphysiodesis of the first metatarsal, and a trephine plug removal of the lateral epiphysis followed by cancellous bone graft insertion. The degree of correction of the hallux valgus and intermetatarsal angles were found to be statistically significant in all studies, regardless of the technique.
Conclusion: Growth modulation for JHV by lateral hemiepiphysiodesis using minimally invasive techniques produced favourable radiologic outcomes with some evidence of clinical improvement. Larger, prospective and comparative studies with objective clinical outcome measures may further consolidate this surgical approach as a mean to treating this deformity.
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