Citation Information :
Ahmad S, Gupta T, Ansari S, Jain A, Barik S, Singh V. Intramedullary Crossed K-wire Fixation for the Hand Fractures is a Useful Treatment Modality: A Prospective Observational Study. 2022; 17 (2):74-80.
Background: Various modalities of treatment have been used for the management of metacarpal and phalangeal fractures which include K-wire fixation, mini plates, lag screws fixation, intramedullary screw fixation and external fixator application. The aim of this study was to analyse complications and patient-related functional outcomes after antegrade or retrograde crossed intramedullary K-wire fixation of metacarpal and proximal phalangeal fractures.
Methods: Thirty-one patients (36–fractures, 16–metacarpals, 20–proximal phalanx) meeting the study criteria were included in this prospective study. Fixation of the fractures was done by use of crossed intramedullary K-wire using the principles of 3-point fixation.
Results: The mean preoperative angulation of the fractures noted in this study was 35.8° which was significantly reduced at final follow-up. Union was noted at a mean period of 4.2 ± 6.8 weeks. The mean range of motion at the metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joint was 96.4% and 86.3%, respectively as compared to the opposite hand. Stiffness (n = 3, 14.2%) and persistent pain (n = 2, 9.5%) at the joints were the most common complications noted in this study.
Conclusion: Crossed percutaneous intramedullary fixation of small bone fractures of the hand is a versatile method with advantages such as cost-effectiveness and lesser operative time when compared to other modalities of fixation. Earlier range of motion (ROM) exercises can be started due to preservation of gliding planes, no surgical wound along with good fracture stability and minimal hardware impingement.
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