Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction

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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2021 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Distal Forearm Replantation in a Child: A Case Report with a 30-year Follow-up

Lee S Hee, Kim Hyung-Sik, Hong-Chul Lim

Keywords : Case report, Distal forearm replantation, Replantation in children, Upper limb replantation

Citation Information : Hee LS, Hyung-Sik K, Lim H. Distal Forearm Replantation in a Child: A Case Report with a 30-year Follow-up. 2021; 16 (3):179-183.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10080-1532

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 15-01-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Amputation in the upper extremities influenced the quality of life a lot adversely. So, replantation was tried in many cases of amputation. Especially, due to good plasticity and healing capacity, replantation in children should be actively attempted. On the contrary, owing to growth potential in children, there are several late complications to happen like shortening and synostosis. There are only a few long-term follow-up reports of paediatric patients after replantation of upper extremities. We report a case of successful distal forearm replantation in a 2-year-old child who sustained a wringer injury by a sawing machine with a follow-up of 30 years. Case description: A 2-year-old female patient was brought to our institution after a wringer injury to the distal forearm by a sawing machine. She sustained a near-total amputation at the distal forearm level with only a skin tag. Replantation was performed 4 hours after the injury. Radius and ulnar fractures were fixed with Kirschner and roll wires. The radial and ulnar arteries were anastomosed and three veins were anastomosed too. The median, ulnar, and radial nerves were managed by epi-perineurorrhaphy. The muscles were readapted, flexor tendons were performed tenorrhaphy each by each, and extensor tendons were performed grouping tenorrhaphy. Ten years after the replantation, a supination motion block was developed but successfully managed. Conclusion: Replantation of upper limbs in children is an eceedingly worthwhile procedure. Though due to growth potential several complications were developed unlikely in adults. But those can be improved with additional procedures. Good plasticity and healing capacity of children make good functional outcomes in long-term follow-up. So, replantation of upper limbs in children should essentially be considered and aggressively performed.


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