Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction

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VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 2-3 ( December, 2007 ) > List of Articles


Safe corridors in external fixation: the lower leg (tibia, fibula, hindfoot and forefoot)

Selvadurai Nayagam

Keywords : External fixators, Tibial fractures, Tibia, Anatomy, Cross-sectional anatomy

Citation Information : Nayagam S. Safe corridors in external fixation: the lower leg (tibia, fibula, hindfoot and forefoot). 2007; 2 (2-3):105-110.

DOI: 10.1007/s11751-007-0023-7

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 01-12-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; The Author(s).


It is a prerequisite for surgeons using external fixation systems to be familiar with safe corridors for half pin or wire insertion. Several atlases of cross-sectional anatomy are available, mostly in print, to provide guidance [1–3]. This series of articles provides high-quality cross-sectional anatomical images together with guidance in locating safe corridors; the added benefit here is that the information can be downloaded and stored on the surgeon's or in the operating room computer for ease of reference. This review covers the lower leg from knee joint to foot.

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  1. ASAMI (1991) Operative principles of Ilizarov. Medi Surgical Video, Medicalplastic SRL, Milan, Italy
  2. Catagni M (2002) Atlas for the insertion of transosseous wires and half pins. Medi Surgical Video, Department of Medicalplastic SRL, Milan, Italy
  3. Faure C, Merloz P (1987) Atlas of transfixation. Springer Verlag
  4. Giotakis N, Narayan B (2007) Stability with unilateral external fixation in the tibia. Strat Trauma Limb Recon 2(1):13-20
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