Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 1 ( April, 2015 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

The role of soft-tissue traction forces in bone segment transport for callus distraction

Konstantin Horas, Reinhard Schnettler, Gerrit Maier, Gaby Schneider, Uwe Horas

Keywords : Traction force measurement, Soft tissues, Callus distraction system, Intramedullary, Distraction osteogenesis, Bone defect treatment

Citation Information : Horas K, Schnettler R, Maier G, Schneider G, Horas U. The role of soft-tissue traction forces in bone segment transport for callus distraction. 2015; 10 (1):21-26.

DOI: 10.1007/s11751-015-0220-8

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 30-04-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Callus distraction using bone segment transport systems is an applied process in the treatment of bone defects. However, complications such as muscle contractures, axial deviation and pin track infections occur in the treatment process using the currently available devices. Since successful treatment is influenced by the applied distraction force, knowledge of the biomechanical properties of the involved soft tissues is essential to improve clinical outcome and treatment strategies. To date, little data on distraction forces and the role of soft-tissue traction forces are available. The aim of this study was to assess traction forces generated by soft tissues during bone segment transport using a novel intramedullary callus distraction system on eight human femora. For traction force measurements, bone segment transport over 60-mm femoral defects was conducted under constant load measurement using 40- and 60-mm bone segments. The required traction forces for 60-mm bone segments were higher than forces for 40-mm bone segments. This study demonstrates that soft tissues are of relevance biomechanically in bone segment transport. The size of the bone segment and the selection of the region for osteotomy are of utmost importance in defining the treatment procedure.

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