Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction

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VOLUME 9 , ISSUE 3 ( November, 2014 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Midterm results of Ilizarov hip reconstruction for late sequelae of childhood septic arthritis

Mahmoud A. El-Rosasy, Mostafa A. Ayoub

Keywords : Hip joint, Septic arthritis, Ilizarov, Pelvic support osteotomy

Citation Information : El-Rosasy MA, Ayoub MA. Midterm results of Ilizarov hip reconstruction for late sequelae of childhood septic arthritis. 2014; 9 (3):149-155.

DOI: 10.1007/s11751-014-0202-2

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2014; The Author(s).


The management of hip instability as a consequence of septic arthritis in childhood is difficult. Ilizarov hip reconstruction is a double-level femoral osteotomy with the objective of eliminating hip instability, through a proximal valgus–extension–derotation osteotomy and a distal varization–lengthening osteotomy for mechanical axis correction and equalization limb length. Ilizarov hip reconstruction was performed for 16 adult patients with complaints of hip pain, leg-length discrepancy, limping, reduced activity and limited abduction of the hip as a result of childhood septic arthritis. Their ages ranged from 19 to 32 years (mean 23.2 ± 4.2). Ilizarov external fixator was used in all cases. At the time of last follow-up that ranged from 60 to 132 months (mean 85.6 ± 23.5), the Harris hip score (HHS) showed excellent functional outcome in two cases (12.50 %), good in 13 cases (81.25 %) and fair in one case (6.25 %). There was no poor functional outcome in any case. Preoperatively, the mean HHS was 56.18 points, and at the time of last follow-up, it improved to a mean of 84.62 points. Pain subsided in all patients, the Trendelenburg sign became negative in all but three (19 %) patients, no patient had limb-length discrepancy, and the alignment of the extremity was reestablished in all cases. No additional operations were required. Ilizarov hip reconstruction is a valuable and durable solution for the late sequelae of childhood septic arthritis of the hip presenting in adult patients.

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