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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 3 ( November, 2012 ) > List of Articles

Review

Does the use of an intramedullary nail alter the duration of external fixation and rate of consolidation in tibial lengthening procedures? A systematic review

S. Jain, P. Harwood

Keywords : Ilizarov, Tibia, Lengthening, Nail, Intramedullary

Citation Information : Jain S, Harwood P. Does the use of an intramedullary nail alter the duration of external fixation and rate of consolidation in tibial lengthening procedures? A systematic review. 2012; 7 (3):113-121.

DOI: 10.1007/s11751-012-0144-5

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 30-11-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

We performed this systematic review to evaluate tibial lengthening procedures with the use of an intramedullary nail. We investigated the hypothesis that lengthening over a nail can reduce the time spent in an external fixator and increase the rate of consolidation thereby reducing the risk of complications and improving patient satisfaction. We conducted a comprehensive literature search using the MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed databases using the key words ‘tibia’ or ‘tibial lengthening’ and ‘nail’. This search was performed in December 2011 and repeated by both authors. Specific outcome measures were the duration of external fixation, rate of consolidation and complication rates. A total of 6 comparative studies published between 2005 and 2011 consisting of 494 procedures met our inclusion and exclusion criteria and were eligible for critical appraisal. The methodological quality of the studies was variable, and they were not homogenous enough for meta-analysis. Patients who have tibial lengthening over an intramedullary nail spend significantly less time in an external fixator. However, there is no reliable evidence to suggest that the rates of consolidation or complication are any different to those lengthened without an intramedullary nail.


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