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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 2 ( August, 2010 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

A safer technique for the double elevation osteotomy in severe infantile tibia vara

Hany Hefny, H. Shalaby

Keywords : Tibia vara, Blount\'s disease, Double elevation osteotomy, Ilizarov, Gradual correction

Citation Information : Hefny H, Shalaby H. A safer technique for the double elevation osteotomy in severe infantile tibia vara. 2010; 5 (2):79-85.

DOI: 10.1007/s11751-010-0088-6

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 31-08-2010

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2010; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Infantile tibia vara is a deformity of abrupt angulation into varus due to an affection of the postromedial aspect of the proximal tibial physis. The deformity often includes internal tibial torsion and limb length discrepancy. Gradual correction of the deformity is currently the treatment of choice for these challenging cases as it requires less invasive surgery, allows progressive and adjustable correction, permits bone lengthening if needed and achieves a more accurate correction compared to acute correction. Elevation of the depressed medial tibial condyle allows restoration of the joint architecture. Different techniques described to elevate the depressed medial tibial plateau are all technically demanding and carry potential risks of unsalvageable intra-operative complications. The aim of this study is to report the results of a safer technique for the double elevation osteotomy combined with gradual correction using the Ilizarov frame, allowing it to be more reproducible, less technically demanding and avoid those potential complications. This study included 12 limbs in 8 patients (mean age 9 years), all were classified as stage V or VI according to the Langenskiold classification. All osteotomies healed completely in all patients. The mean time in the frame was 23 weeks. The mean preoperative femoral shaft-tibial shaft angle was 36° of varus. This improved to 5° of varus. The mean preoperative femoral condyle-tibial shaft angle was 58°. This improved to 84°. The mean preoperative angle of depressed medial tibial plateau was 63°. This improved to 8°. All patients were maintaining full extension of the knee at the final follow-up, and all patients noticed a significant improvement in their gait pattern. We believe that this technique is safer and less invasive compared to traditional and even newly described techniques for elevating the depressed medial tibial plateau and correcting the deformity in severe infantile tibia vara, which will allow it to be more reproducible.


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