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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 3 ( December, 2008 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Recurrence after correction of acquired ankle equinus deformity in children using Ilizarov technique

Khaled M. Emara, Mohamed Farouk Allam, Mohamed Nabil M. A. ElSayed, Khaled Abd E. L. Ghafar

Keywords : Equinus, Ilizarov, External fixation, Ankle, Deformity

Citation Information : Emara KM, Allam MF, ElSayed MN, Ghafar KA. Recurrence after correction of acquired ankle equinus deformity in children using Ilizarov technique. 2008; 3 (3):105-108.

DOI: 10.1007/s11751-008-0045-9

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 31-12-2008

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2008; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

To describe our Ilizarov technique for the treatment of acquired equinus deformity in children and to determine if compliance with continuous use of an ankle foot orthosis (after removal of the fixator and until skeletal maturity) can influence the severity of recurrence. A cohort of 26 children with post-traumatic or post-burn contractures producing an equinus deformity was followed up for a minimum of 2 years after skeletal maturity. Cases with a bony deformity and/or nerve injury were excluded from this study. All patients were managed by a percutaneous tendo-Achilles lengthening followed by application of an Ilizarov external fixator. Post-operative treatment was in the form of gradual correction at a rate of 0.5 mm per day. Correction started from the second postoperative day until an over-correction of 15 degrees dorsiflexion was achieved. Ankle range of movement was encouraged 4 weeks prior to removal of the external fixator. On removal of the fixator, a posterior splint was applied until substituted by an ankle foot orthoses (AFO). The AFO was used continuously during the first 2–3 months and at nighttime thereafter until skeletal maturity. Fifteen children were compliant with the use of the AFO until skeletal maturity and 11 non-compliant. We compared the recurrence and the size of deformity between the two groups. The rate of recurrence, degree of equinus at recurrence and number of episodes of external fixation surgery showed statistical significant differences (P < 0.01) between the groups. The Ilizarov technique for treatment of acquired equinus deformity secondary to soft tissue scarring is a safe and effective technique. The use of an AFO until skeletal maturity can decrease the risk and degree of recurrence.


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