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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Anterior Hemiepiphysiodesis of the Distal Tibia: A Step-by-step Surgical Technique Guide

Alan Katz, Évelyne Dumas, Reggie Hamdy

Keywords : Ankle, Clubfoot, Equines, Guided growth, Surgical anatomy, Tibia

Citation Information : Katz A, Dumas É, Hamdy R. Anterior Hemiepiphysiodesis of the Distal Tibia: A Step-by-step Surgical Technique Guide. 2023; 18 (3):174-180.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10080-1596

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 18-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Aim: This paper aims to serve as a guide for surgeons to prepare, execute, and perfect anterior hemiepiphysiodesis of the distal tibia (AHDT). Background: Treatment of persistent or recurrent equinus deformity following multiple conservative and surgical interventions in patients with idiopathic clubfoot or neuromuscular conditions can be challenging, and multiple surgical options are presented in the existing literature. Anterior hemiepiphysiodesis of the distal tibia is an option that seems to be safe and efficient in treating this entity. To the best of our knowledge, there is not yet any detailed description of this surgical technique in the English literature. Technique: The AHDT detailed surgical technique includes patient positioning, careful distal anterior tibial approach, placement of guided growth plates, fixation with epiphyseal and metaphyseal screws under fluoroscopic guidance, meticulous closure, and postoperative measures. Conclusion: This guide can be used pre-operatively to plan the surgery, intra-operatively to aid in smooth and safe step progression, and post-operatively to assist in critical critiquing. Clinical significance: By understanding the various stages of the surgery as well as the anatomy, pitfalls can be avoided and AHDT can be performed efficiently.

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