Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction

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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Correlation between Femoral Neck Version, Sagittal Femoral Bowing Angle and Sagittal Offset of the Femoral Head from the Distal Femur Axis in an Osteological Collection

Dedi Ho, Raymond W Liu, Philip K McClure

Keywords : Femoral anteversion, Osteological study, Sagittal femoral bowing angle

Citation Information : Ho D, Liu RW, McClure PK. Correlation between Femoral Neck Version, Sagittal Femoral Bowing Angle and Sagittal Offset of the Femoral Head from the Distal Femur Axis in an Osteological Collection. 2023; 18 (1):12-15.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10080-1577

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 31-05-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Aim: Radiographic analysis of lower limb alignment is crucial for the planning and evaluation of deformity correction. Assessment in the sagittal plane is often overlooked compared with the coronal plane for a variety of reasons. We aimed to investigate the relationship between the femoral head in the sagittal plane and femoral neck version in the axial plane, and how sagittal femoral bowing angle (sFBA) may contribute. Materials and methods: Twenty-five each of high (1–2 standard deviations above mean), normal (2.5° below to 2.5° above the mean), and low (1–2 standard deviations below the mean) version femurs were randomly selected from an osteological collection database, photographed and measured for sFBA and sagittal offset of femoral head from the distal femur axis. Lines were drawn within the proximal and distal quartiles of the shaft to create sFBA. The offset of the distal quartile line and the femoral head was also measured. High intra- and inter-observer correlations were established. The relationship between parameters was assessed using the Pearson coefficient (r). Results: Sagittal offset of the femoral head from the distal femur axis was found to be highly correlated with sFBA (r = 0.78), and only mildly with femoral neck version (r = 0.52). Sagittal femoral bowing angle and femoral neck version share no relationship (r = 0.05). Conclusions: Neither the sFBA nor sagittal femoral head offset is strongly associated with femoral neck version. Clinical significance: Our data reinforce the need for long leg lateral films to include the femoral head in sagittal deformity analysis, as imaging limited to the knee will not account for the effect of bowing on femoral head position.

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