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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 1 ( April, 2018 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

A novel treatment approach to infected nonunion of long bones without systemic antibiotics

Karim Z. Masrouha, Michael E. Raad, Said Saghieh

Keywords : Infection, Nonunion, Local antibiotics, Calcium sulphate, Bone pellet, Long bones

Citation Information : Masrouha KZ, Raad ME, Saghieh S. A novel treatment approach to infected nonunion of long bones without systemic antibiotics. 2018; 13 (1):13-18.

DOI: 10.1007/s11751-018-0303-4

License: CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

Published Online: 30-04-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Infected nonunion of long bones may require intravenous antibiotics over a lengthy period which may result in a high rate of complications. This study aims to assess the efficacy of local antibiotics used as a replacement to prolonged intravenous therapy. Thirteen patients with infected nonunion of long bones who failed at least one previous surgery were included. The infection was treated through extensive debridement, application of antibiotic-impregnated calcium sulphate pellets and the bone stabilized with external fixation. These patients were monitored for union and infection by clinical signs, laboratory values, and radiographs over a period of 24 months. The results support an eradication of infection and union in all patients with no antibiotic-associated complications. Local antibiotic delivery using calcium sulphate pellets provides an effective method for treatment of nonunion in long bones and is free of the complications from the intravenous route.


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